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The radiocarbon dates from the parchment indicate that the animal that provided the parchment lived during or right after the lifetime of Muhammad. "Instead, the revelations were preserved in the 'memories of men,'" said David Thomas and Nadir Dinshaw, both religious professors at the University of Birmingham.The chief basis for the dating of passages and verses in the eyes of Muslim scholars consists of Traditions about muhammad Muammad and statements by later students of the quran Qurn.The older Muslim scholars, though presumably they sometimes paid attention to internal evidence, seldom used it explicitly in their arguments.
The man known to Muslims as The Prophet is thought to have founded Islam sometime after 610 A.Researchers from the University of Oxford have said that fragments from the oldest discovered the Quran, appear to predate the founding of Islam by the prophet Muhammad, which could reshape early Islamic history, The Times of London reports."This gives more ground to what have been peripheral views of the Koran's genesis, like that Muhammad and his early followers used a text that was already in existence and shaped it to fit their own political and theological agenda, rather than Muhammad receiving a revelation from heaven," Keith Small, a researcher at the University of Oxford, told the Times In July, England's Birmingham University unveiled parts of the world's oldest fragments of the Quran, with radiocarbon dating projecting the manuscript to be at least 1,370 years old."It destabilizes, to put it mildly, the idea that we can know anything with certainty about how the Koran emerged – and that in turn has implications for the history of Muhammad and the Companions," historian Tom Holland, told the Times.Muslim scholars usually accepted the fact that the quran Qurn had originally been revealed for the most part in short passages.
They tended to assume that most of the passages in a sura had been revealed about the same time. The divine message was not written at that time, though.